CALOTOPOS

conecpt of sustainable city

location: worldwide
concept year: 2011

Basic principles of CALOTOPOS:
1. POLYCENTRISM
• Absence of the settlement center;
• The territory is divided into self-sufficient parts, called “calotopos”
• Settlements grows horizontally, through the formation of new calotopos
• Inner city doesn’t exist as well as periphery
2. DISPERSION
• Proportional distribution of population density due to parks, infrastructure and industrial area;
• Low building and population density;
• Public space need to be consistently dispersed on the territory;
• Limit volume of above ground buildings and construction structures;
3. REDUCTION OF TRANSPORT
• Transportation network represents a tool for goods transport and people movement;
• Central managerial system of logistics and transport;
• Capsule as a form of transportation – underground device for public and goods transport, which is basically functioning as tunnel network. Self-driving electrical capsules that are connected by centralized logistical system.
• The above ground mobility represents Human-power transport such as bicycles or recumbent; also electric low-speed transport (electric scooters, electric cars, etc.); horse-drawn vehicles or other type of equipment which exclude noise and air pollution. A dominant role rests to the integrated and interconnected walking trails for ground movement;
• High speed transport is completely separated from human being.
4. ECOLOGICAL COMPATIBILITY
• Elimination of technogenic noise
• Storehouses, industrial buildings, transport buildings and other constructions need to be beneath the earth’s surface
• Generate and use the renewable energy
• Using the energy efficiency technologies and green buildings
• Applying extensive agriculture
5. SYNTHESIS OF LIFE ACTIVITIES
• Combination of the human activities spheres: work, accommodation, entertainment
• Including agriculturalist activities into the public sphere
• Integrate recreational areas into the residential, industrial and infrastructure areas
• Human activity is inseparable from natural environment (flora and fauna)
6. ENVIRONMENTAL ART
• Enlargement of infrastructural design
• Applied agricultural activity as landscape design into the environment area
• Active use of society’s creative potential for shaping the natural environment
• All elements of technogenic environment represents art objects
• Creation of the cultural environment is an intrinsic part of Calatopos’ life
7. ETHICS
• In relation to the private property, public space has a primary role! (Bicycle trails, hiking trails, walking trails, bunds, embankments etc.)
• Manifesto of human individuality is limited by calotopos social laws
• Importance of the natural environment dominates over the commercial interest.